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Key steps in case of crew abandonment

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faultRecent ILO/IMO joint meetings Held in December, the issue of seafarer abandonment was discussed. Adopted guidelines Please refer to General Procedures and Key Procedures for all parties to deal with a significant increase in such cases.

aAccording to the guidelines, when an incident of seafarer abandonment is discovered, port State management or other parties are required to report it to the authorities of the port State where the incident occurred and to the ILO and register it in the ILO/IMO database. I have.Reported Abandonment Incidents
of sailors.

The port State should conduct research and necessary coordination with relevant authorities within the port State. Port State authorities should also inform relevant parties, such as shipowners, flag States, States of nationality of the seafarer, and relevant seafarer representatives and/or organizations, of the case of abandonment of the seafarer through appropriate channels. .

Flag State authorities receiving notice of seafarer abandonment cases should, in accordance with the 2006 MLC, encourage shipowners or financial guarantee providers to take responsibility as soon as possible. Happiness of sailors.

If the shipowner fails to meet their responsibilities within the timelines referred to in paragraph 20, the flag State authorities will take the lead and coordinate with the parties concerned to resolve the seafarer abandonment case.

If the shipowner and flag state are not responsible, the port state authorities will take the lead and coordinate with all parties involved to resolve the seafarer abandonment case.

At the same time, where there is documentation providing evidence of financial security under regulation 2.5 of the MLC 2006, the seafarer shall have the means to contact the financial security provider in order to access prompt and effective financial assistance. should get help. Flag State authorities and/or port State authorities should facilitate the provision of necessary assistance by financial guarantee providers.

In the absence of financial security, or in the event that financial security has expired or is insufficient, the flag State, port State and State of which the seafarer is a national shall arrange for the repatriation of the seafarer and shall consult with relevant local governmental authorities. must be coordinated with Alternatively, parties such as seafarers’ and shipowners’ organisations, seafarers’ recruitment and recruitment services work together to resolve abandonment cases.

Other practical efforts may also be made by relevant government agencies and non-governmental organizations such as seafarers’ unions and charities. Seafarers are encouraged to be provided with the necessary maintenance and support, including adequate food, accommodation, supplies of drinking water, fuel essential for survival on board, and necessary medical care.

In order to eliminate potential safety hazards, port and flag States should establish consultation mechanisms to resolve seafarer abandonment cases. Flag States and port States are encouraged to develop national Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) in accordance with these guidelines.

Such national SOPs clarify the responsibilities and obligations of flag State authorities and port State authorities, and the roles to be played by salvage departments, shipping agents, seafarers’ organizations, shipowners’ organizations and seafarer recruitment and recruitment services. Must be defined. Refer to international treaties as necessary.

If all seafarers who wish to be repatriated and all seafarers who must be repatriated pursuant to the 2006 MLC have been repatriated and the seafarers’ unpaid wages and crew entitlements have been paid in full, the case shall be considered settled. increase.

The international framework for crew abandonment is:
(a) the Maritime Labor Convention, 2006, as amended (MLC, 2006);
(b) IMO Resolution A.930(22) on Guidelines for the provision of financial security in the event of abandonment of seafarers;
(c) ILO Guidelines for Port State Control Officers Carrying Out Inspections under the MLC, 2006 (Second Revision, 2021);
(d) ILO Guidelines for Flag State Inspections under the MLC, 2006 (second revision, 2021);
(e) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), Maritime Labor Convention 2006 (MLC, 2006), as amended.

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