Home » COP27 – Should we be afraid of the future of urban life?

COP27 – Should we be afraid of the future of urban life?

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Sharm el-Sheikh © Photo: Sayed Sheasha

It’s not Christmas yet, but we’re talking about COP27. This year, next Sunday, representatives from various countries will meet in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt for his COP27.

COP27 will take place from November 6th to November 18th, 2022.

What is a COP?

COP stands for Conference of the Parties and is organized under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The COP will be held annually unless something happens (such as a pandemic) and Parties decide otherwise. His first COP meeting was held in Berlin, Germany in 1995.

Bonn, Germany (2019) © Photo: Mika Baumeister

COP21, where the Paris Agreement on Climate Change was signed in 2015, had the most impact. Countries such as China, India, the United States and Australia opposed reducing coal use. More than 40 countries pledged at the summit.

Maintaining the potential to limit global warming to 1.5 °C by 2050 Be expectedBut this required a 45% reduction in emissions in 2030 compared to 2010. However, the signed agreements are now on track to increase the average temperature by about 2.4 °C.

The COP opens the forum for discussion on the environment, the climate crisis, climate change and more.

© Climate Action Tracker, 2021

What are your expectations for COP27?

At last year’s Glasgow COP26, 50 countries committed to building climate-resilient, low-carbon and sustainable health systems, and 14 countries (including the UK) 2050.

However, there was disappointment in implementing the climate agreement at the end of the COP26 summit. For the first time at the COP, a plan to cut coal-fired power generation was agreed, but the language was changed after opposition from India and China.

Writer and ethicist Julian Caesar said of the COP26 results: And it failed for predictable reasons. One is the global “brink.” We all know that time is running out, and tackling climate change involves a lot of pain. You have to change your way of life. But you can enjoy the status quo longer if others move ahead. And if no one else blinks, why be the only fool to blink when the planet crosses a cliff?”

Dubai, United Arab Emirates © travelwild

In fact, there is still hope for COP27. Egypt’s Minister for International Cooperation Rania Al Mashat said: Guardian: “For us, this COP27 aim is to move from commitment to implementation. [into action], to fill that gap. ’ She added:

Why don’t you see the earth realistically before COP27?

This year’s UN Climate Change Conference will be held in Africa for the first time since 2016.

general, COP27 Addressing the climate crisis requires bold and swift collective action. Egypt’s vision for COP27 is to move beyond negotiation and planning to implementation. Now is the time to act. As a result, we need to move quickly towards comprehensive, timely, comprehensive and large-scale action.

Global temperatures © NASA Earth Observatory

After COP26 fell well short of the commitments needed to limit warming to safe levels, this year’s extreme heat, drought and floods have provided impetus for governments to take precise and swift action. It is possible. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was very clear: It’s only now.

In 2018, when she was 15, Greta Thunberg went on a school strike in Sweden and became the face of youth climate change activism. She Greta will not attend the COP27 climate summit where she will be held in Egypt for many reasons. According to Reuters, Greta said the United Nations climate conference was “a place where people in power… [use] Greenwashing, lying, cheating. And she added: [Sharm El-Sheikh] In a country that violates many basic human rights. ”

Another form of protest, even throwing soup at artwork that has recently entered our lives, can be one of them. is not to say they are unimportant). we want to act. Another way of looking at it is that all these climate conferences are being held on planes to increase our carbon footprint. Recently, researchers at University College London created a project led by Professor Pretty Parikh, Director of the Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction. open source calculator This will help people traveling to COP27 (Egypt) to assess, reduce and offset their carbon footprint.

Bonn, Germany (2019) © Photo: Mika Baumeister

COP27 has been named ‘Africa’s COP’ because it expects significant commitments, especially on the African continent. The African continent is one of the most environmentally and socially vulnerable regions to the climate crisis. However, when considered in terms of aspects such as industrialization and urbanization, continents contribute the least to increasing carbon emissions.

Like every year, there were many protests before COP27. Let’s look at the current situation.

Egypt’s lack of political freedom and the government’s unfriendly policies have been at the forefront of criticism, according to newspapers. has been criticized.

© Climate Action Tracker, 2022

Egypt now organizes many activities and events related to the climate crisis, but in practice the regime imprisons activists and bans research. Also, many NGOs, activists or the general public will not be able to access the conference venue and the conference is expected to take place under strict security measures. Due to its security policy, the city is located south of Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, surrounded by a concrete wall with one side facing the sea and the other in the desert.

Major General Khaled Hooda, Governor of South Sinai, said: There are cafes and restaurants on the premises,” he added, adding, “Nobody can enter here without registration.”

According to Reuters, 35 Egyptian groups had one-year admission permits valid only for COP27. It was a positive step, but the procedure was not announced publicly, he said. Hossa Burguthead of the Egyptian Initiative for the Rights of the Individual (EIPR).

Solar panels on the roof of a hotel in the resort town of Sharm El Sheikh © Photo: Mohamed Abd El Ghany

Hussein Baomi “This could be the most highly monitored COP in the history of the conference,” said Amnesty International’s secretary-general. does not want to interact with the Egyptians.”

however, 30,000 People around the world are registering to participate, representing governments, businesses, NGOs and other civil society organizations.

But besides official negotiations, there are conference rooms, pavilion sections, thousands of side events, 156 pavilionsThis year’s themes are Finance, Science, Youth and Future Generations, Decarbonization, Adaptation and Agriculture, Gender, Water, Aces and Civil Society, Energy, Biodiversity, and Solutions.

Each pavilion has a theme. for example, building pavilion It is a space where businesses and policy makers interact, a meeting place for building and construction communes, and a space for events, exhibitions and more. The conference area is also known to have a “protest zone”. Let’s see how well it works.

A gas-fired power plant on the Nile River in Cairo, Egypt © Photo: Amr Abdallah Dalsh

On the theme of COP27, one of the points is related to sea level rise and the water pavilion will elaborate on the water crisis.

Sea levels could rise by up to 1.1 meters by 2100, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). However, according to the latest reports, this situation could affect the whole world. Perhaps a one-point technical solution is not enough.

according to 2050 climate change city indexbut also cities around the world are at risk, including Bangkok (Thailand), Amsterdam (Netherlands), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), Cardiff (UK) and Manila (Philippines).

Let’s jump to the urbanization part of COP27.

Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt © Photo: Eduardo Casajús Gorostiaga

Should we fear cities?

A few weeks ago, urban and climate change experts discussed sustainable urban action plans and green urban design policies. The draft action included partnerships for sustainable cities, low-carbon buildings, urban mobility, urban water management policies and interaction plans for stakeholders and governments during COP27. .

Experts say the workshop has been fruitful and there is still a chance to build a better city. Erfan Ali, UN-Habitat Arab Countries Representative, said: urban development. “

Cairo, Egypt © Photo: Nassim Wahba

UN-Habitat supports sustainable urbanization and development in Arab countries. The UN-Habitat Arab States Regional Office (ROAS) provides knowledge, policy advice, technical assistance and joint action to 18 countries. In addition to rising climate-related immigration, especially in recent years, Arab countries are at the forefront of immigrant countries for social and political reasons. These countries are part of the ROAS, 18 countries across the Arab region: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Sudan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

Qatar, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are the wealthiest and best-welfare countries by ROAS. We can say that they have a comprehensive policy on the climate crisis. A few weeks ago, Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman announced that Saudi Arabia would host the second edition of the Middle East Green Initiative and the Saudi Green Initiative Forum on the sidelines of COP27.

Looking at this COP27 Sideline Forum announcement, one can’t help but think about the megacities projects that will rock the world’s news. MENA is also one of the most vulnerable regions to the impacts of the climate crisis.

Construction of The Line project © Photo by OT Sky

Perhaps we are all seeing updates and discussions about ‘The Line’ and other large-scale projects in Saudi Arabia. Through this project, Saudi Arabia plans to transition from a carbon-based economy to an alternative economy that attracts people from around the world for things like tourism and business. Sounds impressive in theory, but can we find a solution in practice?

as mentioned in “Saudi Arabia’s Futuristic Megacity 170 Kilometers Long: The Line”, the materials used in the construction of such mega-projects in the desert will generate about 1.8 million tons of carbon emissions. Unfortunately, this exceeds the annual carbon emissions of many European countries.

The Line project is one example, and you can count examples such as The Line project of each country that signed the Paris Convention. But in the current state of the planet, can gains and losses really outweigh gains?

I am looking forward to the results of COP27.

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