This week, Google researchers Artificial intelligence (AI) A tool built to create music.
The tool, called MusicLM, is not the first AI music tool to launch. However, the examples provided by Google show the creative power of music based on a limited set of descriptive words.
AI shows that complex computer systems are trained to behave like humans.
tools like Chat GPT Quickly create or generate documents that mimic human work. ChatGPT and similar systems require powerful computers to operate complex machine learning models.San Francisco based company Open AI launched ChatGPT late last year.
Developers will learn how to train such systems on large amounts of data to recreate various forms of content. For example, computer-generated content may include documents, design elements, art, or music.
ChatGPT has recently received a lot of attention for its capabilities generate complex sentences Other content from simple descriptions in natural language.
Google engineer explanation MusicLM system like this:
First, users come up with words that describe the kind of music they want to create with the tool.
For example, a user can enter this short phrase into the system.Input description can include different music styleinstruments, or other existing sounds.
some different music example It was published online produced by MusicLM. Some of the music that was generated came from one- or two-word descriptions such as “jazz”, “rock”, and “techno”. The system created other examples from more detailed descriptions that included whole sentences.
As an example, Google researchers include these. instructions To MusicLM: ” arcade game. fast-paced, bright, with a catchy electric guitar riff.the music is repetition It’s easy to remember, but with an unexpected sound…”
In the resulting recording, the music looks very close to the description. According to the team, the more detailed the description, the better the system can try to make it.
The MusicLM model works similarly to the machine learning system used by ChatGPT. Such tools have been trained on vast amounts of data to produce human-like results. Many different materials are fed into the system, allowing you to learn the intricate skills of creating realistic creations.
In addition to generating new music from written descriptions, the team said the system can also create examples based on individual songs. Hummingwhistle or play an instrument.
The researchers said the tool “produces high-quality music… A faithful to text conditioning signals. ”
At this time, the Google team has not published the MusicLM model. This differs from ChatGPT, which users began experimenting with online in his November.
But Google says it’s release A “high-quality dataset” of over 5,500 composition pairs created by professional musicians called MusicCaps. Researchers have taken that step to help develop other AI music generators.
Researchers at MusicLM say they believe they’ve designed a new tool that makes it quick and easy for anyone to create high-quality music selections. However, the team says it also recognizes some risks associated with the machine learning process.
One of the biggest problems the researchers identified was “bias present in the training data.” There may be a bias of having too much on one side and not enough on the other.The researchers say this is “about Appropriateness for music production in cultures that are underrepresented in training data. ”
The team said it will continue to investigate possible system consequences. cultural appropriationThe goal is to limit bias through more development and testing.
Additionally, the researchers said they plan to continue improving the system to include lyric generation, text tuning, and improved voice and music quality.
I’m Brian Lynn.
Bryan Lynn wrote this article for VOA Learning English based on a report from Google.
the words of this story
Artificial intelligence –n. The development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that normally require human intelligence
style –n. a particular form or design, usually used in comparing forms of art or handicraft
order –n. a description of how to do something
arcade –n. Area containing many electronic games and other coin-operated games
bright – adjective full of hope and happiness
repetition – adjective say or do something repeatedly
ham – v. making music without opening one’s mouth
whistle –v. produce high-pitched sounds by forcing air into small holes in the mouth
A faithful – adjective to stick to an idea or belief
Appropriate – adjective the level at which something is appropriate for the situation
cultural appropriation – n. When members of one culture of society use the practices of another culture, often a dominant culture, often a minority culture, without fully understanding the meaning or significance of the practice.
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