Home » Internet shutdowns: trends, causes, legal implications and impacts on a range of human rights – Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (A/HRC/50/55) [EN/AR/RU/ZH] – World

Internet shutdowns: trends, causes, legal implications and impacts on a range of human rights – Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (A/HRC/50/55) [EN/AR/RU/ZH] – World

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Human Rights Council
50th session
Agenda items 2 and 3
Annual Report of the United Nations High Commissioner
Human Rights and Secretariat Reports
High Commissioner and Director General
the promotion and protection of all human rights;
civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights,
including development rights

Overview

In this report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 47/16, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights provides an overview of internet shutdown trends. of their causes, legal implications, human rights impacts, the role of business, existing efforts to promote internet connectivity and provide development assistance, and such efforts to detect, prevent, and respond to shutdowns; Includes relevance analysis. , and a recommended set of actions to end the shutdown and minimize its impact.

I. Introduction

1. Hospitals cannot reach doctors in emergencies, voters are deprived of information about candidates, handicraft manufacturers are cut off from their customers, they may face imminent economic collapse, and they are vulnerable to violent attacks. Peaceful protesters who are detained cannot ask for help, such as students who cannot sit for college entrance exams or refugees who cannot access information about the risks they face due to the COVID-19 pandemic. , are just a few of the situations you face when an internet or telecommunications service outage occurs. However, many governments have ordered shutdowns, either unaware of or ignoring the harsh effects it could cause, or have calculated that the factors motivating shutdowns outweigh those harms. The dramatic and real-world impact of the shutdown on the lives and human rights of millions of people is vastly underestimated and deserves greater attention from states, international organizations, businesses and civil society. .

2. This report aims to shed much-needed light on the phenomenon of the Internet shutdown. It contains information about the circumstances under which they are run and the often unstable results. It includes suggestions to reverse the current trend of more frequent shutdowns in some regions. This is in light of the inherent tension between shutdowns and international commitments to ensure universal Internet access. , proportionality and promiscuity.

3. This report is submitted in accordance with Human Rights Council resolution 47/16. The Council has asked the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to investigate trends in Internet shutdowns and analyze their causes, legal implications and implications. Various human rights, including economic, social and cultural rights, through strong consultation with stakeholders. This report builds on previous work, with insights gained through consultations with a series of hypothetical stakeholders and input received from states, international organizations, and civil society organizations upon request. Reflects insights from 80 submissions. It also contributes to the implementation of the action points set by the Secretary-General on ending internet shutdowns, as identified in the Secretary-General’s report on the Roadmap for Digital Cooperation and the report entitled “Our Common Challenges”. It also aims to

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