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Young children are more irritable when their mother has emotion regulation difficulties

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Published in the journal Personality and individual differencesA new study examined the relationship between the difficulty of mother’s emotional regulation, the use of emotional regulation strategies with the child, and the level of hypersensitivity in the child. The study found that children were more annoyed when mothers had emotional control difficulties, but adaptive and maladaptative support strategies were not predictors of child hypersensitivity. ..

Studies suggest that certain emotional socialization behaviors, such as parental emotional expression, child’s reaction to emotions, and parental emotional discussion with the child, are associated with the outcome of the child’s emotional regulation. I am.

One of the first signs of emotional regulation problems in a child is a sign of hypersensitivity. Researchers Dominique Cave-Freeman and colleagues were interested in investigating how mothers’ emotional regulation support strategies affect the hypersensitivity of their five-year-old children.

Researchers have recruited 371 mothers of English-speaking children under the age of 5 through Prolific. Participants answered 50 items from PACER (measuring emotional regulation strategies), 10 items from the K-10 questionnaire (measuring pain), and 18 items from DERS-SF (measuring mothers’ difficulty in emotional regulation). Did. Temperament loss subscale (measures irritation) of the MAP-DB questionnaire.

The results of this study show that mothers’ emotional regulation difficulty It accounted for 13.1% of the distribution of hypersensitivity in children. The older the child, the less sensitive the child was, and mothers with higher levels of psychological distress and difficulty in controlling emotions had children with higher levels of hypersensitivity. However, mother’s emotional regulation could only explain 2% of the child’s hypersensitivity variability. strategy..

Overall, Cave-Freeman et al. Found that maternal emotional dysregulation was not associated with the use of adaptive or maladaptative strategies. These researchers argue that mothers who have difficulty adjusting their emotions may not be able to adequately support their children in developing adaptive emotional adjustment tendencies.

Cave-Freeman et al. Argue that this may be because these mothers are unlikely to provide emotional support when their children are suffering. However, some mothers may be able to provide emotional control assistance to their children, regardless of their emotional control strategy.

Given that Cave-Freeman and colleagues did not discover that adaptive or maladaptative support strategies were important predictors of child hypersensitivity, this finding was specific, such as temperament explosions. It suggests that it may be from a survey of general reaction questionnaires to children’s emotions rather than emotions. Difficulty in mother’s emotional regulation and child’s hypersensitivity are implicitly modeled, such as by the mother’s reaction to the child’s negative emotions, through environmental or genetic pathways, or by the child’s hypersensitivity. It may be related to the skill of the mother.

The limitation of this study is the use of self-reporting, which can lead to a bias in social desirability. In addition, all answers are from the mother, so future work may be from the father or clinician. This study evaluated hypersensitivity in children under 5 years of age. However, children’s emotions develop over time after the age of five.

the study, “Maternal Emotion Control and Early Childhood Hypersensitivity: The Role of Emotion Control Strategies for Children“, Created by Dominique Cave-Freeman, Vincent O. Mancini, Lauren S. Wakschlag, and Amy Finlay-Jones.

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